Posts Tagged ‘programming’

Python and Lindenmayer System – P3

November 5, 2019 Leave a comment

Learning : Lindenmayer System P3
Subject: Drawing Fractal Tree using Python L-System

In the first two parts of the L-System posts (Read Here: P1, P2) we talk and draw some geometric shapes and patterns. Here in this part 3 we will cover only the Fractal Tree and looking for other functions that we may write to add leaves and flowers on the tree.

Assuming that we have the Pattern generating function and l-system drawing function from part one, I will write the rules and attributes to draw the tree and see what we may get.
So, first tree will have:

# L-System Rule to draw ‘Fractal Tree’
# Rule: F: F[+F]F[-F]F
# Angle: 25
# Start With: F
# Iteration : 4

and the output will be this:

If we need to add some flowers on the tree, then we need to do two things, first one is to write a function to draw a flower, then we need to add a variable to our rule that will generate a flower position in the pattern. First let’s write a flower function. We will assume that we may want just to draw a small circles on the tree, or we may want to draw a full open flower, a simple flower will consist of 4 Petals and a Stamen, so our flower drawing function will draw 4 circles to present the Petals and one middle circle as the Stamen. We will give the function a variable to determine if we want to draw a full flower or just a circle, also the size and color of the flowers.

Here is the code ..

font = 516E92
commint = #8C8C8C

Header here
# Functin to draw Flower
def d_flower () :

if random.randint (1,1) == 1 :

# if full_flower = ‘y’ the function will draw a full flower,

# if full_flower = ‘n’ the function will draw only a circle

full_flower = ‘y’


x1 = t.xcor()

y1 = t.ycor()

f_size = 2

offset = 3

deg = 90

if full_flower == ‘y’ :





for x in range (0,4) : # To draw a 4-Petals








t.goto(x1,y1 – offset * 2 + 2)

t.pendown() # To draw a white Stamen






else: # To draw a circle as close flower







Then we need to add some code to our rule and we will use variable ‘o’ to draw the flowers, also I will add a random number selecting to generate the flowers density. Here is the code for it ..

In the code the random function will pick a number between (1-5) if it is a 3 then the flower will be drawn. More density make it (1-2), less density (1-20)

And here is the output if we run the l-System using this rule: Rule: F: F[+F]F[-F]Fo

Using the concepts, here is some samples with another Fractal Tree and flowers.

Another Fractal Tree without any Flowers.

Fractal Tree with closed Pink Flowers.

Fractal Tree with closed Red Flowers.

Fractal Tree with open pink Flowers.

Follow me on Twitter..

My Fitbit Data

October 22, 2019 Leave a comment

Solving My Fitbit data Problem
Subject: VBA code to combine Fitbit excel files into one

I purchase a Fitbit Alta HR in 2017, and since then I wear it and never take it off unless for charging. Fitbit Alta HR is a very nice slim device, but unfortunately there was no way to upload my previous data from my old device to my Fitbit, this was not the only issue with Fitbit data, now; after three years still we can’t download Fitbit data in one file, if you want to do this (each time) you need to send a request to Fitbit team and they will prepare the file for you!! Instead, Fitbit site allow you to download your data as month by month, in my case I will have almost 32 files.

Solving the Problem: After downloading the excel files and look at them, I decide to write a code to help me combine all the current 32 files and any coming once into one data file. First I start thinking to use Python to do this task, but after second thought I will use the Excel file and VBA macro coding to do it.
Here in coming paragraph I will post about the general idea and some codes that i use.

General Idea: I will use same structure of Fitbit file and name it as “fitbit_All_data_ali”, in this file we will create new tab and name it Main. In the Main tab we will create several buttons using excel developer tools and will write the macro VBA code for each task we need to operate.

Tabs in our file: Main: Contain buttons and summary about my data.
Body, Food, Sleep, Activities and Food Log. Food Log tab will store the data such as calories, fibers, fat and so-on., all those tabs will be filled with a copied data from each Fitbit data file.

Here are some VBA codes that I use and what it’s purpose .

‘ Get current path.
the_path = Application.ActiveWorkbook.Path
The path on the current excel file.
the_All_Data_file = ThisWorkbook.Name
Get current excel file name
Workbooks.Open Filename:=thepath + my_source_Filename
Open a file
Goto fitbit file, goto food sheet, select the data copy it.
Application.CutCopyMode = False
Workbooks(my_source_Filename).Close SaveChanges:=False
Close an open excel file.
Selection.EntireRow.Insert , CopyOrigin:=xlFormatFromLeftOrAbove
To insert a black Row
sname = ActiveSheet.Name
Get current sheet name
Function go_next_sheet() As String

‘ This code will go to next sheet if there is one, if not will return ‘last’
go_next_sheet = “no”
Dim sht As Worksheet
Set sht = ActiveSheet

On Error Resume Next

If sht.Next.Visible xlSheetVisible Then
If Err 0 Then
go_next_sheet = “last”
End If

Set sht = sht.Next
End If

On Error Resume Next

End Function

if there is no more tabs or sheets, function will return “last”

Final Results: After i run the code, I have an Excel file contain all my Fitbit data in one place. Mission Accomplished

Follow me on Twitter..

Python: Orders Manager P2

August 22, 2019 Leave a comment

Orders Managment System
Subject: Main Menu and creation of the data file – P2

First thing we will talk about the menu, in this post we will cover the Main Menu and the user choice. Also we will add some validation.

Main Menu: Here is a list of what we will have in the main menu with some descriptions for each choice.
Load File: We will name the file as “orders_data.csv” so once we start the application the system will check if the file exist or not, if Yes then the application will load it automatically as DataFrame (df) if not thats mean you are running the app for the first time, so we will go through file creating process.

Show Data: In this option we will have another sub menu page having:
1. Show all data.
2. Show sample data.
3. Show last 5 records.

Sort: Here we will have sorting as columns that we have, the user will select a column.

Search: We can here search for an order by Date, Price, Quantity or details, also we will do groping for the data.
Missing Data: To show us how many missing data we have so we can fill them.
Add New Order: To add new order to the system.
Edit a Record: To Edit/change a record.
Delete a Record: To delete a record from the DataFrame.
Save: To save what ever you do to the DataFrame.

The Main Menu

def the_menu ():

print(‘\n ::—–{ The menu }—-::’)

print(‘1. Create New csv File’)

print(‘2. Show Data’)

print(‘3. Sort.’)

print(‘4. Search.’)

print(‘5. Missing Data’)

print(‘6. Add New Record.’)

print(‘7. Edit a record.’)

print(‘8. Delete a Record.’)

print(’9. Save the File.’)

return input(‘\n Select from the menu (”q” to quit): ‘)

Main while loop: In the application body we will use a while loop to control the user input and run the function he select. Unlike what we did In the zoo managment system, we will add a validation on the user input as:

1. If the user enter any thing else than numbers (1 to 9) or ([q – Q] for quit) nothing will happen.
2. If the user select (q to quit) then we will ask if he want to save before Exit.

Here is the code …

Main while loop
# calling the menu
user_enter = the_menu()

Validation: If the user enter any thing else than numbers
or (q for quit) nothing will happen.
while user_enter !=’q’ or ‘Q’ :

if user_enter in [‘q’,’Q’] :

print(‘\n You select to Exit the application.’)

save_it = input(‘\n Do your want to save your work/changes [y or n] ? ‘)

if save_it in [‘y’,’Y’]:

save_the_df (df)


elif user_enter not in [‘1′,’2′,’3′,’4′,’5′,’6′,’7′,’8′,’9’] :

user_enter = the_menu()



user_enter = the_menu()

Here is a screen shot for the code..

In this post we cover the Main Menu and the main while loop we need to call the functions, in the coming post we will create the data file and Adding new record.

Follow me on Twitter..

Python: Orders Manager P1

August 20, 2019 Leave a comment

Orders Managment System
Subject: Outlines – P1

In last several posts we develop a Zoo Managment System [Click to Read]. We try to use our skills in python and pandas to work with DataFrame and developing easy app that reading and writeing a csv file. We will use the same principle and re-use most of it’s functions to write our new coming system.

The Story: I don’t think that there is any person using the web without using at least one of the online shopping sites, personally; I am using three sites. In coming posts we will work on Orders Managment System (OMS) to track our orders.

General Enhancement In the Zoo application we did not use any validation or try … Exceptions blocks, but this time we will use a range of validations over the user input starting from the menu until asking if the user want to save shange before he Quit. Using validations will make the code (or make it looks like) complicated, so I will use lots of comments to describe some codes.

Validation Example ..
In our Date entry, we will inform the user that we want the date as DD-MM-YYYY , then if the user enter any thing not logic (not a date) or say he enter “3/8-2019” our validation will convert that to “03-08-2019”.

OMS Outline: In this application our goal is to practices on data validation so we will develop a system to store our orders data and apply the validation on it, I will use aliexpress orders information to build the csv file. As far as i know, aliexpress site is not providing any tool to export a file that contain your orders detail so we will do this just to keep a history records of our orders.

File Structuer: The file will have 8 columns here is a short description of each column:
order_no: A serial number that will increment automatically, we will consider this to be a primary key of the table.
order_id: This is the order id generated by aliexpress site, we will enter it as it is.
order_date: To hold the orders date, the date will be in DD-MM-YYYY format.
order_detail: Short description of the order, even you write it in your words or copy paste it from your order page.
item_price: The price in US$
ship_price: Shipment amount in US$
quantity: The Quantity of the items.
item_url: The URL of the item page.

Coming Post We will start from next post to write the main menu, and the first function to create a csv file and insert the first row.

Follow me on Twitter..