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Posts Tagged ‘Code’

Arduino: Morse Code Blinking


Learning : ARDUINO, Morse-Code, Electronic Circuit
Subject: LED to Blink Morse Code

[NOTE:
W
e are working on Electronic Devices, Voltage, Resistors and other Electronic Parts that may Become HOT due to un-stable current or Wrong Wire Connections..
PLEASE BE CAUTIOUS AND TAKE SAFETY NEEDED PROCEDURES.]


Some days ago I just went through some pages of Morse-Code. Then I got an idea to write a code for the ARDUINO to blink an LED for some letters.

Morse Code: In a basic and easy way, Morse code is a Dots (.) and Dashs (-) to present alphabet characters. So A = .- ; B = -… ; C = -.-. and so on (Morse code table in Wikipedia)

Morse Code Rules:

if we assume a unit is U, then :

  • 1. A Dot is 1U.
  • 2. A Dash is 3U.
  • 3. A Space between a part of the same letter is 1U.
  • 4. A Space between letters is 3U.
  • 5. A Space between words is 7U.

In our project here, the Unite U will be the Delay in Arduino, so the LED will be High for 1U to represent a Dot (.) and will be High for 3U to represent the Dash (-).

What we will Need: I will use a Breadboard, ARDUINO Nano , One Red LED, One 300 ohm Resitro, Jumper Wire.

  • A BreadBoard.
  • ARDUINO Nano.
  • 1 Red LED.
  • 1 Resistor [I will Use 300 ohm]
  • Some Jumper Wire.

Connection:

  • The ARDUINO Nano will be on the Breadboard
  • Connect D13 on Nano to Column 11 on the Breadboard using Jumper-wire.
  • Connect the Resistor on Column 11 and Column 6 on the Breadboard.
  • Connect the LED Anode (+) pin on the Column 6 on the Breadboard.
  • Connect the LED Cathode (-) pin to the Column 4 on the Breadboard.
  • Connect the Column 4 on the Breadboard to the Cathode Row on the Breadboard using Jumper-wire.
  • Connect the Column 17 on the Breadboard (Nano GND pin) to Cathode Row on Breadboard using Jumper-wire.
  • Connect the Column 19 on the Breadboard (Nano 5V pin) to the Anode Row on Breadboard using Jumper-wire.
Image of the Connected Breadboard.
ali radwani ARDUINO Projects morse code



The Coding: First we need to define the Dots and Dashs for each Alphbets, in this example I will do only three carecters for my Name A L I, I will create an array of 0 and 1, 0 is a dot, 1 is a dash, here is the code:
int A [ ] = {0,1} ; // 0 = dot (1U), 1 = dash (3U)
int L [ ] = {0,1,0,0} ;
int I [ ] = {0,0} ;

Here is declearing the Unite, u as Delay time:
int u = 170 ; // 1U = 170 delay.

and here is the Arduino pin I will use:
int ledpin = 13 ;

in the void setup, we will only write one line to set the pinMode(ledpin, OUTPUT)

then I create a function to read the letter array-content

 // CODE: Function to read the letters contents. 

void letter(int c [], byte s)
{
      if (c[s] == 0)   // dot 
        {morse1(ledpin, 1) ;}
      if (c[s] == 1)   // dash 
        {morse1(ledpin, 3) ;}       
}



In this code, I will let the LED to Blink in Morse code saying “ALI” [My Name 🙂 ]. You may add the Morse code in the Application and making the LED to send you message. Code Available in Download Page.

RUN TIME..






:: ARDUINO PROJECTS LIST ::
[ Click Here to See all ARDUINO Projects ]

To Download the ARDUINO Project [Code and Diagram] files Click-Here



ali radwani ahradwani.com python projects codeFollow me on Twitter..

By: Ali Radwani

Python Project: Properties Maintenance System P12

February 27, 2022 Leave a comment

Subject: Writing a Full Application for Properties Maintenance System [Delete Maintenance Request]
Learning : Python, Math, SQL, Logeic

[NOTE: To keep the code as simple as we can, We WILL NOT ADD any user input Varevecations. Assuming that our user will Enter the right inputs.]


In this part we will continue write the Functions in Maintenance Request Service. Here we will write the Function to Delete a Maintenance Request.

This is very easy and short Function, first we will list all the requests by calling the def show_maintenance_request, after that we will ask the user to Select the ID of the request to be Delete.

Validation
We will use simple validation code on the User input for the following aspects:

  • If the user input E to Exit.
  • If the user input digits or Not.
  • If the ID is available in the system/Database.
  • If the user input Y to confirm the Deleting prosses.

So if the user input pass all the Validations, and he confirm the Deleting, the Record will be Deleting using the following SQL Command:
c.execute (“delete from maint_request_t where m_r_id ={}”.format(int(delete_this)))
db_conn.commit()

python project code SQL ali radwani



We done with this part, Next we will write a code to change a request status.



:: PMS Parts ::

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 Part 7
Part 8 Part 9 Part 10 Part 11 Part 12 Part 13 Part 14



..:: Have Fun with Coding ::.. 🙂

To Download my Python code (.py) files Click-Here



ali radwani ahradwani.com python projects codeFollow me on Twitter..

By: Ali Radwani

ARDUINO: 2Pin Push Button and Speed Delay

February 24, 2022 Leave a comment

Learning : Arduino, Circuit, coding
Subject: Controlling LED Delay by Push-Button

[NOTE:
W
e are working on Electronic Devices, Voltage, Resistors and other Electronic Parts that may Become HOT due to un-stable current or Wrong Wire Connections..
PLEASE BE CAUTIOUS AND TAKE SAFETY NEEDED PROCEDURES.]


In many ARDUINO Project we codes that have Delay commands, such as in LED Blinking circuits. The delay use numbers, 1000mSec is 1sec, Example in LED blinking projects there must be a delay for some time [1000mSec is 1Sec] between LED-Hight and LED-Low commands. Usually we use a variable to save a delay amount, we can change the amount during code run-time if certain condition accurred.

In this post, we will learn how we can use a 2Pin Push Button to control the speed/Delay of a blinking LED using a code when the Button pressed.

The Case: Say we have a one LED that’s blinks (turns On and Off) with Delay time = 800 (mSec), we want to Press the Button to make it Blink Faseter, and each time we Press it blinks faster and faster, say each press will reduce the amount by 100mSec unit, and if the delay reach less than 60mSec, then it will jump to 800mSec again.

What we Need:

  • Arduino UNO or Arduino Nano.
  • 1 Breadbord.
  • 1 LED. [i will use a red one]
  • 1 2Pin  Push Button.
  • 1 Resistor 300 ohm.
  • Some Jumper wires.

Connections:

  • Connect Pin-1 in PushButton to ARDUINO Pin 8.
  • Connect Pin-2 in PushButton to ARDUINO Pin 5V.
  • Connect ARDUINO Pin-13 to a resistor Pin-1.
  • Connect the LED Anode(+) Pin to the Resistor Pin-2.
  • Connect the LED Cathode(-) Pin to ARDUINO GND Pin

You will have something like this ..

Arduino circute LED projects ali radwani AHRADWANI.COM

Code Consept:
The LED will start blinking in 800msec (start_delay), then we want to press the Push Button and with each press the delay must decreases by certain amount (delay_reduce_s_1 = 100mSec), then if the delay time is less than 100mSec the decrease amount will be as (delay_reduce_s_2 = 10mSec) with each press, also if the delay is below min_delay = 60mSec the delay we re-set to start_delay.

Run-Time:
The LED will start blinking in 800mSec, then we Press the Push-Button (First Press) the delay will be 700mSec, and with each Pressed the delay will decreases 100mSec, when the delay reach less than 100mSec [from 800mSec to 100mSec after 8 presses] then it will start to reduces 10mSec with each Press. If the current delay is less than min_delay it will reset to 800mSec again.

GIF speeded-up to save space.




:: ARDUINO PROJECTS LIST ::
[ Click Here to See all ARDUINO Projects ]



To Download the ARDUINO Project [Code and Diagram] files Click-Here



ali radwani ahradwani.com python projects codeFollow me on Twitter..

By: Ali Radwani

Python Project: Properties Maintenance System P11

February 20, 2022 1 comment

Subject: Writing a Full Application for Properties Maintenance System [Show Maintenance Request]
Learning : Python, Math, SQL, Logeic

[NOTE: To keep the code as simple as we can, We WILL NOT ADD any user input Varevecations. Assuming that our user will Enter the right inputs.]


In this part we will continue write the Functions in Maintenance Request Service. Here we will write the Function to Show Maintenance Request.

Show all Request In this Function we will display all the Properties we have in the system, then the user will Select the ID of the Property, after that we will display all Maintenance Jobs that we have in the system (Maintenance for); again the user need the Select the Job ID and if the required job is not in the list the user need to go-back and add it to the system first. After that the user will Select current Job-Status [also if not in the system we need to add it], then entering the Date of starting the Maintenance, finally the user can write any Notes or just press enter to save the request. With any question above the user can Exit the function by interning [E].

Here are some code sample..
Table header
print(‘ ‘*6,’ID’,’ ‘*3,’Property ID’,’ ‘*5,’Maintenance Date’,’ ‘,’Maintenance For’,’ ‘*7,’Job Status’,’ ‘*12,’Note’)
print(‘ ‘*4,’-‘*120)

Code to fetch-all data in the Maintenance Request Table.
c.execute (“select * from maint_request_t “)
dataset = c.fetchall()

To Get the Property Type, we call our get_lookup_values Function..
prop_type_id = get_lookup_values(‘properties_t’,’p_id’,dataset[each][1])
p_type_name = get_lookup_values(‘prop_type_t’,’pt_id’,prop_type_id[0][2])


To save the time, all the code is available in the Download Page.



:: PMS Parts ::

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 Part 7
Part 8 Part 9 Part 10 Part 11 Part 12 Part 13 Part 14



..:: Have Fun with Coding ::.. 🙂

To Download my Python code (.py) files Click-Here



ali radwani ahradwani.com python projects codeFollow me on Twitter..

By: Ali Radwani

Python Project: Properties Maintenance System P10

February 13, 2022 2 comments

Subject: Writing a Full Application for Properties Maintenance System [Property: Delete a Record]
Learning : Python, Math, SQL, Logeic

[NOTE: To keep the code as simple as we can, We WILL NOT ADD any user input Varevecations. Assuming that our user will Enter the right inputs.]


In this part we will write the Following:
1. Writing the Maintenance Request Menu.
2. Writing the Functions header for Four Functions:

  • Add a Maintenance Request.
  • Edit a Maintenance Request.
  • Delete a Maintenance Request.
  • Show Maintenance Requests.

3. Writing the code for the first Function: Add a Maintenance Request.
4. Writing the code to Validate the Date.[The code will be coped in from my Archive]


First: Maintenance Request Menu: We will use our standard template in all application we write it, so here is the code ..

python project Properties Maintenance System code by ali radwani doha qatar

And here is the header of each Functions:

def add_maintenance_request() :
pass

def edit_maintenance_request() :
pass

def delete_maintenance_request() :
pass

def show_maintenance_request(inside) :
pass


First Function: def add_maintenance_request() : In this Function we will ask the user to select the ID of the Property that need Maintenance also to select the ID of Maintenance Job requered. If the Maintenance Job is Not Available in the List, then the user MUST go first to add it in the system, then come back and select it. During this Function coding we will use two Functions we have in this application [check_availability and show_lookup_data] also we will use the [Date Validation] Function we have develop some time ago [Click to Read the Post Ver.2019] {Updated Ver. used in this code.}

Here is a sample code for Selecting the Maintenance Job Requiered.

 # Selecting the Maintenance Job Requiered

 print('\n\t Select an Item from the List for the Maintenance Job Requiered:\n') 
        show_lookup_data('Yes' ,'main_job_list_t', 'ml_id')
        main_j_id = input ('\n\t Enter the ID of the Maintenance Job. [E to Exit] > ')
        if main_j_id in ['e','E'] :
            input('\n\t You Select to Exit from the Function.. Press any Key .. ')    	
            return    	
        if	(check_availability('main_job_list_t', 'ml_id', int(main_j_id)) == None ) :
            input('\n\t The ID is NOT Available. Press any Key .. ')    	
            return



After collecting all information from the user, we will Insert/Add the data into the database using this SQL Statement..

# Add to the DataBase.
c.execute (“INSERT INTO maint_request_t (p_id , maint_for, date_time, job_s_id, notes) VALUES(:p_id , :maint_for, :date_time, :job_s_id, :notes)”,{“p_id”:mainte_req_id , “maint_for”:main_j_id, “date_time”:main_date, “job_s_id”:job_st_id, “notes”:the_note})
db_conn.commit()


Now we have the ability to add a Maintenance Request to our system.

NOTE: If you Download this Part you MUST Run the Option 82 (82. Delete the Data-Base and Start Again.) from the Main Menu to do the following Updates:

  • Updates some attributes in the database level.

## Highly recommended ##


In Part-11 In the Next Part, we will write a function to show all Maintenance Request in the system.



:: PMS Parts ::

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4
Part 5 Part 6 Part 7 Part 8
Part 9 Part 10 Part 11 Part 12



..:: Have Fun with Coding ::.. 🙂

To Download my Python code (.py) files Click-Here



ali radwani ahradwani.com python projects codeFollow me on Twitter..

By: Ali Radwani

Python Project: Properties Maintenance System P9

January 5, 2022 3 comments

Subject: Writing a Full Application for Properties Maintenance System [Property: Delete a Record]
Learning : Python, Math, SQL, Logeic

[NOTE: To keep the code as simple as we can, We WILL NOT ADD any user input Varevecations. Assuming that our user will Enter the right inputs.]


In this part we will write a Function to Edit a record on the database, first we will call the def show_property(inside) to display all the records on the screen and ask the user to Select [enter] the ID of the Property to be Edited. Next we will Display the Record again on the screen and ask the user to Confirm the Editing by entering [Y] and any things else will be as [Don’t Edit]. Here is the code ..

python project Properties Maintenance System code by ali radwani doha qatar


Next we will ask the user about each attributes in the system, so the user will enter the new data (update the current one) or just press enter to keep the existed data. Here is a part of the code ..

python project Properties Maintenance System code by ali radwani doha qatar


After That we will check on each user input for the attributes, if the user change/Edit the data [did not press enter] then we run an SQL command to alter the database. Here are part of the code we use ..

python project Properties Maintenance System code by ali radwani doha qatar


Now we have an updated record, so we will show a message to inform the user that the records been updated.

NOTE: If you Download this Part you MUST Run the Option 82 (82. Delete the Data-Base and Start Again.) from the Main Menu to do the following Updates:

  • Updates some attributes in the Database Level.

## Highly Recommended ##


In Part-10 the Next Part, we will add the Function to Backup our data .



:: PMS Parts ::

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4
Part 5 Part 6 Part 7 Part 8
Part 9 Part 10 Part 11 Part 12



..:: Have Fun with Coding ::.. 🙂

To Download my Python code (.py) files Click-Here



ali radwani ahradwani.com python projects codeFollow me on Twitter..

By: Ali Radwani

Arduino: First App

December 2, 2021 2 comments

Learning : Arduino Projects, Arduino Coding, Electronic Circutes
Subject: First Application, Light the LED

[NOTE:
W
e are working on Electronic Devices, Voltage, Resistors and other Electronic Parts that may Become HOT due to un-stable current or Wrong Wire Connections..
PLEASE BE CAUTIOUS AND TAKE SAFETY NEEDED PROCEDURES.]

The Task: In our First Application on ARDUINO we will write a code to Light ON then OFF an LED or say Two Led’s each will go On and Off for several time to show a Blinking light.

What We Need: We will try to be simple on our first project, we will put the Led’s on a braedboard connected to ARDUINO Nano (Any other Arduino Chip can be use). So, we will use Arduino-Board, BreadBoard, Two resistors and tow Led light (I will use One Red, and One Green).

Set-up: We will connect the Red-Led on Pin A3, and the Green-Led on Pin D12, the ARDUINO-Board will take power from it’s USB cable connected to the Laptop.

Coding: The Application will make the Led’s to BLINK in some sequence.

 # CODE: Function to turn led On, wait for some delay-time and Turn it off. Two Led's (Red, Green) Blinking 


const int red_led = A3 ;  // set pin A3 for red-led.
const int green_led = D12 ;  // set pin D12 for green-led.

void setup()
{
pinMode(red_led, OUTPUT);
pinMode(green_led, OUTPUT);
}

void led_on_off (int led, int dt)  // Function to Turn led On Wait for delay = dt then turn it off. 
{
digitalWrite(led, HIGH);
delay(dt) ;
digitalWrite(led, LOW);
delay(dt) ;
}

void loop ()
{
// in both for-loops, change the delay and/or numbers to have different lighting sequences.     
  for (int R = 0; R < 3; R ++) //loop for Red-Led
  {
    led_on_off(red_led, 300);
    for (int G = 0; G < 2; G ++ )  //loop for Green-Led
        {
           led_on_off(green_led,110) ;
         }
   }

  exit(0) ; // To stop the action after executing One-Time.
}



Image of set-up and Running ..

ARDUINO nano project code ali radwani ahradwani.com
GIF of the Out-Put
ARDUINO nano project code ali radwani ahradwani.com


I am not sure if i will continue in this way or say “New Learning Curve”, The Coding and Commanding an Electronic-Bord to Work as my Application says .. THIS PART WAS WHAT LIT THE FUSE IN MY BRAIN.



:: ARDUINO PROJECTS LIST ::

3 First Application
2 Code Editor, coding Blocks, learn Coding
1 Arduino, The Story, Components, Parts and What we will Do?

To Download the ARDUINO Project [Code and Diagram] files Click-Here



ali radwani ahradwani.com python projects codeFollow me on Twitter..

By: Ali Radwani

Arduino: IDE and Coding

November 25, 2021 3 comments

Learning : Arduino Projects, Arduino Coding, Electronic Circutes
Subject: First Application, Light the LED

[NOTE:
W
e are working on Electronic Devices, Voltage, Resistors and other Electronic Parts that may Become HOT due to un-stable current or Wrong Wire Connections..
PLEASE BE CAUTIOUS AND TAKE SAFETY NEEDED PROCEDURES.]



IDE: IDE is the place or the editor that we can write the code in. Arduino has one that can be Downloaded from [ www.arduino.cc] then from the menu > Software.

Coding: The coding rules and best practes:

  • Essentially consist of Two Main Functions: void setup() and void loop().
  • Each Code line MUST end with Semicolon ;
  • Code block Must be between two Curly-Brackets { }
  • Declaration: if we have variavbles we need to declare them before we use them. Best-Practice: we put them at the top of our code page.
    Sample:
    int x ;
    int y = 50;
    const int t = 250
  • Our Functions: Best-Practice: Put them between the void setup() and void loop().
    SAMPLE:
    void led_on ( )
    {
    digitalWrite(12, HIGH);
    }
  • To put a comments in the code we use double front-slash // use it for one line comments. Best-Practice: Use comments to describe your codes and Functions.
  • To Comments several lines we use /*
    /* all the lines
    between it will be
    as comments.*/
  • IF Statment: if (int x > 10) { your code }
  • For-loop: for(int x = 0; x < 5; x++) { your code }


So, I think this is the most important things we have to know to start coding our Arduino. With each practice and project we will work on we will describe coding-lines and commends we use.


I am not sure if i will continue in this way or say “New Learning Curve”, The Coding and Commanding an Electronic-Bord to Work as my Application says .. THIS PART WAS WHAT LIT THE FUSE IN MY BRAIN.

:: ARDUINO PROJECTS LIST ::

3 First Project: Coming Soon..
2 Code Editor, coding Blocks, learn Coding
1 Arduino, The Story, Components, Parts and What we will Do?

To Download the ARDUINO Project [Code and Diagram] files Click-Here



ali radwani ahradwani.com python projects codeFollow me on Twitter..

By: Ali Radwani

Python Project: Properties Maintenance System P8

November 21, 2021 4 comments

Subject: Writing a Full Application for Properties Maintenance System [Property: Delete a Record]
Learning : Python, Math, SQL, Logeic

[NOTE: To keep the code as simple as we can, We WILL NOT ADD any user input Varevecations. Assuming that our user will Enter the right inputs.]


In this part we will write a Function to Delete a record from the database, first we will call the def show_property(inside) to display all the records on the screen and ask the user to Select [enter] the ID of the Property to be Deleted. Next we will Display the Record again on the screen and ask the user to Confirm the Deleting by entering [Y] and any things else will be as [Don’t Delete]. Here is the code ..

python project Properties Maintenance System code by ali radwani doha qatar


.. End of Part 8 ..

NOTE: If you Download this Part you MUST Run the Option 82 (82. Delete the Data-Base and Start Again.) from the Main Menu to do the following Updates:

  • Update the properties_t Table (Adding the number of BathRooms)
  • Update on create_tables Function.
  • Update on insert_zero_records Function.

If you did this in last part (6) then you don’t need to do it again


In Part-9 In the Next Part, we will write the Function to Edit a record of a selected Property.



:: PMS Parts ::

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4
Part 5 Part 6 Part 7 Part 8



..:: Have Fun with Coding ::.. 🙂

To Download my Python code (.py) files Click-Here



ali radwani ahradwani.com python projects codeFollow me on Twitter..

By: Ali Radwani

Arduino Projects: The Story

November 16, 2021 3 comments

Learning : Arduino, Arduino Coding, Electronic Circutes
Subject: The Story and Orders

[NOTE:
W
e are working on Electronic Devices, Voltage, Resistors and other Electronic Parts that may Become HOT due to un-stable current or Wrong Wire Connections..
PLEASE BE CAUTIOUS AND TAKE SAFETY NEEDED PROCEDURES.]

The Story: Last month i was searching the net for something, Someway, Some projects make my Kids love Math and Science Subjects, I went through several pages … then I fond classes teaching the young students how to build simple circuits, using Led’s and 9V Batteries.. I start reading more in this subject then I found the ARDUINO Chip, were the students can write a code to switch on/off some LED’s. This thing Triggered the Passion of learning and trying new things. So I spend two/three days reading about it, and decide to give it a try.

What I Need: This is my first time reading about Electrical Circuits, I have some ides, but I Don’t have any Equepments to start. So from there I start submitting orders to buy things that I will need, i got the list from tutorial youtube. Here is the list of my orders:

ali radwani ARDUINO Projects


I am not sure if i will continue in this way or say “New Learning Curve”, The Coding and Commanding an Electronic-Bord to Work as my Application says .. THIS PART WAS WHAT LIT THE FUSE IN MY BRAIN.

.. NEXT POST .. In Next post I will write about ARDUINO [simple information as far I know 🙂 ] How it Works, and Firs simple Project [without coding].

:: ARDUINO PROJECTS LIST ::

2 Code Editor, coding Blocks, learn Coding
1 Arduino, The Story, Components, Parts and What we will Do?

To Download the ARDUINO Project [Code and Diagram] files Click-Here



ali radwani ahradwani.com python projects codeFollow me on Twitter..

By: Ali Radwani